Single Packet of 1,000 Seeds
The Ox-Eye or Oxeye Daisy has many names: Bull Daisy, Button Daisy, Dog Daisy, Field Daisy, Goldens Marguerite, Midsummer Daisy, Moon Flower, and White Weed. Also its name Leucanthemum vulgare, which means “common white flower,” used to be Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum, “gold flower, white flower.”
This pretty flower is native to Europe and the temperate regions of Asia. In Europe it's considered a noxious weed because it takes over fields where large cattle graze. Goats, sheep, and horses will eat this weed, but not cows or pigs. It tends to take over fields where cows eat other plants around it giving the Oxeye room to grow. As such, this particular member of the Chamomile tribe is both loved and hated. For herbalists, and gardeners, the Oxeye Daisy is an appealing flowering plant to be planted or harvested from the wild. It will attract butterflies, and is a good starter for any garden. However, farmers tend not to like it.
This is a terrestrial (non-aquatic) plant that prefers disturbed lands and road sides. It's fairly easy to grow from seed and is great for beginners. Ox-Eye Daisies can grow in pretty well any location with half to full daily sun. It's a hardy perennial so it's difficult to kill, and does better with age. The roots, leaves and flowers are edible, and have some medicinal uses. For information on medicinal uses seek professional guidance. As for its edible purposes, the roots can be eaten in early spring before they turn bitter. The leaves make a great addition to small greens salads such as those made of arugula and spinach, and the flowers can be candied or pickled.
The leaves are simple, and alternating with lobed blades. The flower head has tubular disk flowers in the center and strap shaped ray flowers around the periphery. The upper leaves are narrow and clasp to the stem but the lower leaves are spoon shaped. The Leucanthemum vulgare is easily confused with the Shasta Daisy and Scentless Chamomile. The Shasta Daisy can grow six to ten inches taller and has a root ball where the Ox-Eye daisy has a creeping root system. Scentless Chamomile is an annual and has smaller flowers with more finely separated leaves.
Overall this is an easy plant for beginners and a beloved flower for the experienced gardener. Because the Ox-Eye bloom so well in the summer, its addition to patio side container gardens is never a miss. It grows well on its own or in a pollinators mix. Also, the nature of this plants growth habits make wild Ox-Eye Daisy a favorite for the herbalist to collect rather than grow.
- Type: Daisy Flower
- Season: Perennial
- Color: White
- Height: 24" Tall
- Width: 6" - 12" spread
- Environment: Full Sun
- Zone: 3 - 9
- Notes: Used in pots & containers, as well as flower beds and raised beds. Attracts beneficial insects to the garden. Great for use in dried bouquets and arts & crafts.
Sowing The Seed
Daisy seeds can be sown indoors, or directly outdoors. If started indoors, sow in peat pots, 6 to 8 weeks prior to the last frost. Sow at a depth of 1/16” under topsoil. Because the seeds require a bit of direct light to germinate, we suggest that you do not bury the seeds deeper than the recommended sowing depth mentioned above. Transplant entire peat pots, or direct sow outdoors, when the weather is warm and all danger of frost has passed.
Daisies will thrive in an area of full sunlight to light shade. They require temperatures of at least 70F, and a sowing medium that is moderately fertile, but also well drained. To increase drainage, we recommend adding a light compost to areas that contain hard, compact soil. Water the seeds daily with a mist setting, or spray bottle, to ensure that they receive ample moisture, until germination has occurred.
Germination & Growth
Ox-Eye Daisy seeds are known to germinate within 7 to 14 days after sowing. The plants themselves will reach a mature height of roughly 24 inches tall and can be spaced anywhere from 12 to 18 inches apart from one another. Ox-Eye Daisy will produce 2 inch, pure white blooms, which will attract an array of beneficial insects to the garden.