The Golden Acre Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea) is a small, sweet heirloom variety that is easy to grow and produces an abundant crop. This heirloom cabbage variety makes the perfect addition to home gardens all over the country. The dark green heads are compact and dense, with tightly wrapped heads and few outer leaves. Each head finishes out at just 3-5 pounds, making it easy to consume before spoilage occurs. These small cabbages measure only 5-7 inches and are perfectly ball shaped. These little cabbage heads are beautiful, as well as great tasting. Even the inner leaves are tender and sweet.
The Golden Acre Cabbage dates back to the 1920's and has long been a favorite of gardeners because of its crunchy sweet taste. The short growing season makes it a welcome addition to your summer recipes, including slaw, sauerkraut, and salads. Best used fresh, the Golden Acre Cabbage does not keep well in cold storage.
Like any garden plant, protection from pests and predators is necessary. Beneficial nematodes added to the soil will prevent root maggots from breaking the heads off the stalks.
Flea beetles can be avoided by covering the young cabbages with breathable mesh row covers.
More serious pests like cabbage loopers and cut worms may require spraying with an organically approved solution like Monterey Garden spray or Safer Dust. Tough to remove pests may require the chemical pesticide, pyrethrin.
Sowing The Seed
Cabbage is a cool seasoned crop, which is well suited for the early Spring and early to late Autumn season. The seeds can be started indoors, or directly outdoors. If started indoors, sow in peat pots, 6 to 8 weeks prior to the last frost, at a depth of 1/4” under topsoil. Transplant into the garden, or direct sow outdoors, when the weather is slightly cool to warm. Check below for spacing and growth habits.
Cabbage plants, as explained above, will thrive in cooler temperatures. It is recommended to place them in an area of full sunlight, with temperatures averaging around 60F to 65F. The plants will need a soil that is rich in organic matter, but also well drained. If your sowing area is filled with hard, compact soil, we recommend adding in a light compost mix to improve drainage. Water the plants daily to ensure that the soil is kept moist until germination has occurred.
Germination & Growth
Cabbage seeds will typically take anywhere between 7 to 14 days to sprout open. The plants themselves will take up little garden space, and can be grown in rows. Each plant can be spaced about 18 to 24 inches apart from one another, in rows that are spaced about 24 to 30 inches apart. Fertilize when new leaves form, and when the heads begin to form. Harvest your Cabbage heads in roughly 60 to 70 days.