Single Packet of 100 Seeds
The Habanero Pepper is a type of chili pepper that is commonly seen around the world and has become a staple ingredient of cuisine for its heat and flavor. Originating from the Amazon, the habanero spread to Mexico where it proliferated throughout the world. At one point, the habanero held the record for the hottest pepper in the world at a whopping 100,000-350,000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units) which makes it on average 76 times hotter than your average jalapeño.
Unripe habaneros start out green and primarily turn orange or red as they mature. The habanero plant, being a perennial flowing plant, is capable of growing fruits for years throughout their lifespans if they are properly cared for. In tropical areas such as Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, which is the largest producer of habanero peppers in the world, the plants produce peppers year round. In other places, such as the northern United States, they die each winter and have to be replaced during springtime. Farmers have tried to selectively breed the plants. This has resulted in forms such as Black Habanero and the Caribbean Red.
The habanero plant is not without predators or flaws. They are susceptible to various diseases and pests that can weaken or destroy their leaves and peppers. Insects such as the Greenhouse Aphid can infest plants, consuming sap and spreading diseases. Fruit rots such as Black Mold and Anthracnose are mainly caused by bacteria or fungi which lead to the destruction of crops.
The world famous habanero pepper is an iconic chili pepper that symbolizes spice and flavor around the world. Habanero peppers are used in many types of spicy foods from sauces to dishes and toppings; they can be an essential part of a meal or a mere decoration.
Sowing The Seed
Peppers are best started indoors, in a controlled environment, 6 to 8 weeks prior to the last frost. To prevent root shock, sow your seeds in peat pots, at a depth of 1/4” under topsoil. Transplant when the weather is warm and the plants are about 1 foot tall. Stakes can be used to support your young plants, to ensure proper growth. Check below for additional info on spacing & growth habits.
Pepper plants will thrive in the heat of summer, so they should receive full sunlight for the majority of the day, with temperatures of at least 75F or more. A soil that is rich in organic matter is best, with a pH level of at least 6.2 and 7.0. Also make sure that your sowing medium is well drained, or your plants can wilt due to being waterlogged. Water your pepper seeds daily to provide them with ample amounts of moisture until germination has occurred.
Germination & Growth
Pepper seeds typically take anywhere between 14 to 28 days to germinate. After your seedlings start to grow, they will mature to an estimated height of roughly 24 to 30 inches tall. On average, Pepper plants can be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart from one another, in rows spaced 18 inches apart. These plants do very well when grown directly in the garden, or in large pots and containers as well.